A lot of the information on this page is from The Ancient Egypt Site (AES below), the site Ancient Egypt (AE below), and from Wikipedia. These sites have a lot of information and consistent time lines, although they differ. All the hieroglyphic names are from the AE website. The times are from Wikipedia.

From the Late Period of ancient Egypt entry in Wikipedia:

The Late Period of ancient Egypt refers to the last flowering of native Egyptian rulers after the Third Intermediate Period in the 26th Saite Dynasty founded by Psamtik I, but includes the time of Achaemenid Persian rule over Egypt after the conquest by Cambyses II in 525 BCE as well. The Late Period existed from 664 BCE until 332 BCE, following a period of foreign rule by the Nubian 25th dynasty and beginning with a short period of Neo-Assyrian suzerainty, with Psamtik I initially ruling as their vassal. The period ended with the conquests of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great and establishment of the Ptolemaic dynasty by his general Ptolemy I Soter, one of the Hellenistic diadochi from Macedon in northern Greece. With the Macedonian Greek conquest in the latter half of the 4th century BCE, the age of Hellenistic Egypt began

26th Dynasty

The 26th Dynasty, also known as the Saite Dynasty after its seat of power the city of Sais, reigned from 672 to 525 BCE, and consisted of six pharaohs. It started with the unification of Egypt under Psamtik I c. 656 BCE, itself a direct consequence of the Sack of Thebes by the Assyrians in 663 BCE. Canal construction from the Nile to the Red Sea began.

One major contribution from the Late Period of ancient Egypt was the Brooklyn Papyrus. This was a medical papyrus with a collection of medical and magical remedies for victims of snakebites based on snake type or symptoms.

Artwork during this time was representative of animal cults and animal mummies. This image shows the god Pataikos wearing a scarab beetle on his head, supporting two human-headed birds on his shoulders, holding a snake in each hand, and standing atop crocodiles.

27th Dynasty

The First Achaemenid Period (525–404 BCE) began with the Battle of Pelusium, which saw Egypt conquered by the expansive Achaemenid Empire under Cambyses, and Egypt become a satrapy. The 27th Dynasty of Egypt consists of the Persian emperors - including Cambyses, Xerxes I, and Darius the Great - who ruled Egypt as Pharaohs and governed through their satraps, as well as the Egyptian Petubastis III (522–520 BCE) (and possibly the disputed Psammetichus IV), who rebelled in defiance of the Persian authorities. The unsuccessful revolt of Inaros II (460-454 BCE), aided by the Athenians as part of the Wars of the Delian League, aspired to the same object. The Persian satraps were Aryandes (525–522 BCE; 518–c.496 BCE) - whose rule was interrupted by the rebel Pharaoah Petubastis III, Pherendates (c.496–c.486 BCE), Achaemenes (c.486–459 BCE) - a brother of the emperor Xerxes I, and Arsames (c.454–c.406 BCE).

28th–30th Dynasties

The 28th Dynasty consisted of a single king, Amyrtaeus, prince of Sais, who rebelled against the Persians. He left no monuments with his name. This dynasty reigned for six years, from 404 BCE – 398 BCE.

The 29th Dynasty ruled from Mendes, for the period from 398 to 380 BCE.

The 30th Dynasty took their art style from the 26th Dynasty. A series of three pharaohs ruled from 380 BCE until their final defeat in 343 BCE led to the re-occupation by the Persians. The final ruler of this dynasty, and the final native ruler of Egypt until nearly 2,300 years later, was Nectanebo II.

31st Dynasty

The Second Achaemenid Period saw the re-inclusion of Egypt as a satrapy of the Persian Empire under the rule of the 31st Dynasty, (343–332 BCE) which consisted of three Persian emperors who ruled as Pharaoh - Artaxerxes III (343–338 BCE), Artaxerxes IV (338–336 BCE), and Darius III (336–332 BCE) - interrupted by the revolt of the non-Achaemenid Khababash (338–335 BCE). Persian rule in Egypt ended with the defeat of the Achaemenid Empire by Alexander the Great, who accepted the surrender of the Persian satrap of Egypt Mazaces in 332 BCE, and marking the beginning of Hellenistic rule in Egypt, which stabilized after Alexander's death into the Ptolemaic Kingdom.

Following is the list of Egyptian Pharaohs as well as I could determine it:

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Name of Pharaoh Dates Birth Name Coronation Name Horus Name Comment

(from The Ancient Egypt Site and Ancient Egypt)

Late Dynastic Period (AES Wiki )

672 - 332 BCE

26th Dynasty (AES Wiki AE)

672 - 525 BCE

Nekau I (Menkheperra) (Wiki)672 - 664 BCENekau INekau In/a
Psamtek I (Wahibra) (Wiki)664 - 610 BCEPsamtek IPsamtek IPsamtek I
Nekau II (Wiki)610 - 595 BCENekau IINekau II
Nekau II
Nekau II
Nekau II
Psamtek II (Neferibra) (Wiki)595 - 589 BCEPsamtek IIPsamtek IIPsamtek II
Apries (Haaibra) (AES Wiki)589 - 570 BCEApriesApriesApries
Ahmose II (Khnemibra) (Wiki)570 - 526 BCEAhmose IIAhmose II
Ahmose II
Ahmose II
Psamtek III (Ankhkaenra) (Wiki)526 - 525 BCEPsamtek IIIPsamtek IIIn/a

27th Dynasty (Persians) (AES Wiki AE)

525 - 404 BCE

Cambyses II (Wiki)525 - 522 BCECambyses IICambyses IICambyses II
Bardiya (Wiki)522 BCEn/an/an/a
Petubastis III (Wiki)522 - 520 BCEPetubastis IIIPetubastis IIIn/a
Darius I (Wiki)522 - 486 BCEDarius IDarius I
Darius I
Darius I
Darius I
Xerxes I (Wiki)486 - 465 BCEXerxes I
Xerxes I
Artabanus (Wiki)465 - 464 BCEn/an/an/a
Artaxerxes I (Wiki)465 - 424 BCEArtaxerxes I
Artaxerxes I
Xerxes II (Wiki)425 - 424 BCEn/an/an/a
Sogdianus (Wiki)424 - 423 BCEn/an/an/a
Darius II (Wiki)423 - 404 BCEDarius IIn/an/a
Artaxerxes II (Wiki)404 - 402 BCEArtaxerxes IIn/an/a

28th Dynasty (AES Wiki AE)

404 - 398 BCE

Amyrtaios (Wiki)404 - 398 BCEAmyrtaiosn/an/a

29th Dynasty (Egyptians) (AES Wiki AE)

398 - 380 BCE

Nefaarud I (Wiki)398 - 393 BCENefaarud INefaarud In/a
Hernebkha Muthis (Wiki)393 - 393 BCEn/an/an/a
Psammuthes (Wiki)393 - 393 BCEPsammuthesPsammuthesn/a
Hakor (Achoris) (Wiki)393 - 380 BCEHakorHakorn/a
Nefaarud II (Wiki)380 BCENefaarud IIn/an/a

30th Dynasty (last Egyptian Pharaoh) (AES Wiki AE)

380 - 343 BCE

Nectanebo I (Kheperkara) (Wiki)380 - 362 BCENectanebo INectanebo In/a
Djedher/Takhos/Teos (Irma Atenre) (Wiki)362 - 360 BCEn/aDjedher/Takhos/Teos
Nectanebo II (Senedjemibra Setepenanhur) (Wiki)360 - 343 BCENectanebo II
Nectanebo II
Nectanebo IIn/a

31st Dynasty (Wiki AE)

343 - 332 BCE

Artaxerxes III (Wiki)343 - 338 BCEn/an/an/a
Artaxerxes IV (Arses) (Wiki)338 - 336 BCEn/an/an/a
Khababash (Wiki)338 - 335 BCEKhababashKhababashn/a
Darius III Codomanus (Wiki)336 - 332 BCEn/aDarius III Codomanusn/a
back Third Intermediate Period home List of Periods Greek Period forward

Here are the links to the other pages on Egypt:

Today's Egypt People in Egypt
Nature in Egypt
Birds in Egypt
Birds in Egypt
Ancient Egypt Architecture in Egypt
Mytholopy in Ancient Egypt

Page last updated on Tue Nov 2 17:23:32 2021 (Mountain Standard Time)

Egypt - Pharaohs of the Late Period - 672 - 332 BCE on soaring.guenther-eichhorn.com

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